Photo : Karo Women © G.Pfannmüller

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  • ITINERARIES
    - Murulle Omo Lodge
    - The New Flower
    - Lofty Mountains, Ancient Lure
    - Noble Heights, Mystic Splendor
    - Natural Beauty, Untamed Wilderness
    - Blending Adventures
    - Special Focuses
    - Birdwatching
    - Beyond the Foreseen

  • SCHEDULED DEPARTURES
    - The Omo Valley
    - Northern Historical Circuit
    - Eastern Historical Circuit

  • RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS
    - Genna
    - Timket
    - Fasika
    - Meskal
    - Hidar Zion
    - Gishen Mariam
    - Kulubi Gabriel
    - Sheikh Hussein

  • HELPFUL INFORMATION
    - Reading & Web References
    - Maps & Places of Interest
    - Statistics & Data
    - Travel Tips
    - Getting Here
    - Hotels in Addis

  • MURULLE FOUNDATION

  • Entry Requirements
    Tourist visas are issued upon arrival at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport for citizens of designated countries. Visitors from countries other than the following may obtain a visa prior to arrival by application to the nearest Ethiopian Diplomatic Mission.

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  • Location
    Ethiopia is a ruggedly mountainous country covering 1,098,000 sq kms and surrounded by Kenya, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan and Djibouti.

    Climate
    Ethiopia has two main seasons, the dry season from October through May and the rainy season from June through September. In the southwest, the rainy season is April & May. Temperatures vary according to altitude, but are commonly on the mild side.

    Time
    Ethiopia is in the GMT + 3 hrs time zone and follows the Julian calendar which consists of 12 months of 30 days each plus a 13th month of 5 or 6 days.

    Health Requirements
    Prior to entry, visitors should be in possession of a valid health certificate for yellow fever. Immunization against Hepatitis A & B, Tetanus & Typhoid is recommend. Malaria precautions should be taken before visiting the lowlands. Consult your doctor.

    Medical, Trip Cancellation & Baggage Loss Insurance
    Insurance should be purchased before leaving your home country. Medical emergency air evacuation coverage is also recommended.

    Currency Regulations
    There is no limit to the amount of foreign currency imported to Ethiopia, but it must be declared on the currency declaration form obtained on arrival. Foreign currency may be exchanged only at authorized banks and hotels. The declaration form must be retained as this may be required at customs on departure. Credit cards are not widely accepted outside the major establishments in the cities. US Travelers checks are recommended. The official currency is Ethiopian Birr.

    Customs at Arrival
    Cameras, computers and major electrical items may need to be declared on arrival.

    Airport Tax
    There is an airport tax of US$20 per person at time of international departure.

    Communications
    Telephone is available in most main towns. Fax & e-mail are available in Addis. The IDD code for Ethiopia is +251.

    Electricity
    Electric supply is 220 volts, 50 cycles AC. The wall socket accepts two circular-shaped prongs, so an adapter is required. Video camera batteries may be recharged at hotels along the route, as well as evenings at Murulle Lodge.

      Photography
    Photographs should not be taken of military or strategic buildings or airports. It is courteous to ask permission before photographing any person or rural homestead. Commonly monetary compensation will be expected for this privilege.

    Attention to Need
    The general high level of poverty combined with a perception that a "Westerner" is loaded with money has created a substantial number of beggars, particularly in Addis and Lalibela. A suggestion would be not to give to one person where there is a group, as usually things end up in a scramble. Our Guides will advise wisely about the situation on the spot. ERVS is willing to assist in contacting community-based organizations working for those who really need your extended arms.

    Souvenir Shopping
    Some items may require export permits issued by museum authorities in Addis that must be secured prior to international departure. Clearance procedures can take as much as a day or two to complete. Our company will be happy to help with this process if time allows. Crosses are particularly scrutinized for authenticity as antiquities and caution must be taken when making these purchases, especially at destinations along the Northern route from unreliable vendors.

    Religion
    Almost half the population is Christian. 35% are Sunni Muslim and the remainder subscribe to a variety of other faiths including elements of Judaism.

    Language
    Amharic, with its unique alphabet is the official language, although over 80 local languages are spoken. English is the second official language with Arabic, French & Italian also widely understood.

    What to Wear
    Light cotton clothing is suggested in the warm lowlands, while in the highlands medium weight clothing with a warm jacket, hat and gloves is appropriate. A fleece works best. A light, hooded raincoat for sudden showers and walking shoes that have a good grip on loose dirt or slippery rock. The sun is very strong in high altitudes so sunscreen, sunglasses and a cap are important.

    Special Equipment
    It is recommended to bring a flashlight and extra batteries (useful in churches at Lalibela,) binoculars, a personal water container and a medical kit that contains anti-diarrhea tablets, broad-spectrum antibiotic and antiseptic cream. Repellants for mosquito, fly & flea protection is useful. Bringing a mosquito net is up to personal preference. Special snacks brought from home make long roads shorter.


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